About Indian National Science Congress
The Centenary celebrations of the Indian National Science Congress are being held from the 3 to 7 January, 2013 in Kolkata.
The Science Congress is an annual event organised by Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) since 1914. Its objectives are:
- to advance and promote the cause of science in India;
- to hold an annual congress at a suitable place in India;
- to publish proceedings, journals, transactions, etc;
- to popularise science.
The Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) owes its origin to the foresight and initiative of two British Chemists, namely, Professor J. L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon. It occurred to them that scientific research in India might be stimulated if an annual meeting of research workers somewhat on the lines of the British Association for the Advancement of Science could be arranged.
The first meeting of the Congress was held from January 15-17, 1914 at the premises of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta, with the Honourable Justice Sir Asutosh Mukherjee, the then Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University, as President. One hundred and five scientists from different parts of India and abroad attended and the papers numbering 35 were divided into six sections-Botany, Chemistry, Ethnography, Geology, Physics, Zoology.
Over years, it has also provided a forum for the nation’s executive to announce new policy initiatives in science and technology.
Indian National Science Congress 2013
The theme of this year’s event is “Science for Shaping the Future of India”. The event was inaugurated by the President Mr. Pranab Mukherjee. During the same the Prime Minister of India delivered a lecture, urging the Indian scientific community to accord priority to certain key scientific issues. They include:
- Structured debate and analysis of complex issues like Genetically Modified Food or Nuclear energy
- To enhance scientific temper in the country through greater investment in popularising science, not only in schools and colleges, but also homes, workplaces and the community at large.
- Research in:
- agricultural production and productivity,
- energy security,
- provision of safe drinking water,
- labour intensive manufacture and
- universal health care at affordable costs.
- Establishing synergy between the research works that are done in private laboratories and government-sponsored research
- Bridging the gap between the haves and have-nots.
- Partnership with established leaders, but also with emerging innovation powerhouses.
During the same event the Prime Minister released the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy. This policy seeks to position India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020.